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Professor Farmer's Publication and Online Reprints

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Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions



Farmer, Jack D., 2013. Role of Geobiology in the Astrobiological Exploration of the Solar System, in Bickford, M.E., ed., The Web of Geological Sciences: Advances, Impacts, and Interactions: Geological Society of America Special Paper 500. (Accepted Jan. 21, 2013)

Blake, David, David Vaniman, Cherie Achilles, Robert Anderson, David Bish, Tom Bristow, Curtis Chen, Steve Chipera, Joy Crisp, David Des Marais, Robert T. Downs, Jack Farmer, Sabrina Feldman, Mark Fonda, Marc Gailhanou, Hongwei Ma, Douglas W. Ming, Richard V. Morris, Philippe Sarrazin, Ed Stolper, Allan Treiman and Albert Yen, 2012. Characterization and Calibration of the CheMin Mineralogical Instrument on Mars Science Laboratory. Space Science Reviews DOI 10.1007/s11214-012-9905-1.

Schopf, J. William, Jack D. Farmer, Ian S. Foster, Anatoliy B. Kudryavtsev, Victor A. Gallardo and Carola Espinoza, 2012. Gypsum-permineralized Microfossils and Their Relevance to the Search for Life on Mars. Astrobiology, Volume 12 (7): 1-15; DOI: 10.1089/ast.2012.0827

ten Kate I. L., Armstrong R., Bernhardt B., Blumers M., Craft J., Boucher D., Caillibot E., Captain J., Deleuterio G., Farmer J.D., Glavin D. P., Graff T., Hamilton J. C., Klingelhöfer G., Morris R. V., Nuñez J. I., Quinn J. W., Sanders G. B., Sellar R. G., Sigurdson L., Taylor R., Zacny K. 2012. Mauna Kea, Hawai’i, as an analog site for future planetary resource exploration: Results from the 2010 ILSO-ISRU field-testing campaign, 2012. Journal of Aerospace Engineering, (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000200)

Crumpler, L. S., R. E. Arvidson, S. W. Squyres, T. McCoy, A. Yingst, S. Ruff, W. Farrand, Y. McSween, M. Powell, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, J. F. Bell III, J. Grant, R. Greeley, D. DesMarais, M. Schmidt, N. A. Cabrol, A. Haldemann, K. Lewis, A. E. Wang, C. Schröder, D. Blaney, B. Cohen, A. Yen, J. Farmer and 10 others. 2011. Field reconnaissance geologic mapping of the Columbia Hills, Mars, based on Mars Exploration Rover Spirit and MRO HiRISE observations. Journ. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F24, doi:10.1029/2010JE003749.

Ruff, Steven W., Jack D. Farmer, Wendy M. Calvin, Kenneth E. Herkenhoff, Jeffrey R. Johnson, Richard V. Morris, Melissa S. Rice, Raymond E. Arvidson, James F. Bell III, Philip R. Christensen, and Steven W. Squyres. 2011.  Characteristics, distribution, origin, and significance of opaline silica observed by the Spirit rover in Gusev crater, Mars. Journ. Geophys. Res., 116, E00F23, doi:10.1029/2010JE003767.

Farmer, J.D. 2011. Astrobiology. In The Encyclopedia of Geobiology (Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series), Joachim Reitner and Volker Thiel (Eds.), Springer Publishing; 928 p. 482 illus.; Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-4020-9211-4; Online at:

Farmer, Jack D., Mark Allen, Tori Hoehler, Michael Mischna. 2010. Astrobiology Research and Technology Priorities for Mars. Invited White Paper for the NASA Solar System Decadal Survey. 8 pp.; Published online: (Begins on page 5).

Warner, N.H., Farmer, J., 2010. Sub-glacial hydrothermal alteration minerals in Jokulhlaup deposits in southern Iceland, with implications for detecting past or present habitable environments on Mars. Astrobiology, Volume 10, Number 5, 2010; DOI: 10.1089/ast.2009.0425 (Student publication)

Farmer, J.D., Bell, J.F., III, Benison, K. C., Boynton, W.V., Cady, S.L., Ferris, F.G., MacPherson, D., Race, M.S., Thiemens, M.H., and Wadhwa, M., 2009, Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions. Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council of the National Academies, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 80 p.  

Warner, N. H., and J. D. Farmer. 2008. The origin of conical mounds at the mouth of Chasma Boreale. Journ. Geophys. Res., 113, E11008, doi:10.1029/2007JE003028. (Student publication)

Des Marais, David J., Joseph A. Nuth, Louis J. Allamandola, Alan P. Boss, Jack D. Farmer, Tori M. Hoehler, Bruce M. Jakosky, Victoria S. Meadows, Andrew Pohorille, Bruce Runnegar, Alfred M. Spormann. 2008. Focus Paper: The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap. Astrobiology 8(4): 715-730; doi:10.1089/ast.2008.0819.

Squyres, S.W., R.E. Arvidson, S. Ruff, R. Gellert, R.V. Morris, D. W. Ming, L. Crumpler, J. Farmer, D.J. Des Marais, A.Yen, S.M. McLennan, W. Calvin, J.F. Bell, III, B.C. Clark, A. Wang. 2008. Detection of Silica-Rich Deposits on Mars. Science 320: 1063; DOI: 10.1126/science.1155429.

Lindsley-Griffin, N., Griffin, J.R., Farmer, J.D. 2008. Paleogeographic significance of Ediacaran cyclomedusoids within the Antelope Mountain Quartzite, Yreka terrane, eastern Klamath Mountains, California, in Blodgett, R.B., and Stanley, G.D., Jr., eds., The terrane puzzle: New perspectives on paleontology and stratigraphy from the North American Cordillera: Geological Society of America Special Paper 442: 1-37, doi: 10.1130/2008.442(01).

Hofmann, B.A., J. D. Farmer, F. Von Blankenberg and A. E. Fallick. 2008. Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics: An Evaluation of Origins Based on Morphological and Geochemical Criteria, with Implications for Exopaleontology. Astrobiology, Volume 8, Number 1: 87-117; DOI: 10.1089/ast.2007.0130.

Warner, N.H., and Farmer, J.D. 2007, Importance of aeolian processes in the formation of Chasma Boreale, Mars, Icarus, doi: doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.043. (Student publication)

Perry, R.S., N. McLoughlin, B. Y. Lynne, M. A. Sephton, J. D. Oliver, C. C. Perry, K. Campbell, M. H. Engel, J. D. Farmer and M. D. Brasier. 2007. Defining biominerals and organominerals: Direct and indirect indicators of life. Sedimentary Geology, Volume 201 (Issues 1-2): 157-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2007.05.014.

Sellar, R. G., J. D. Farmer, A. Kieta, and J. Huang. 2006. Multispectral microimager for Astrobiology. Proc. SPIE 6309 (Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX): 63080E1 – 63080E-5.

Lindsley-Griffin, N., Griffin, J.R., Farmer, J.D., Sivers, E.A., Bruckno, B., and Tozer, M.K. 2006. Ediacaran cyclomedusoids and the paleogeographic setting of the Neoproterozoicˆearly Paleozoic Yreka and Trinity terranes, eastern Klamath Mountains, California, in Snoke, A.W., and Barnes, C.G., eds., p.411-431 In Geological studies in the Klamath Mountains province, California and Oregon: A volume in honor of William P. Irwin. Geological Society of America Special Paper 410, doi:10.1130/2006.2410(20).

Elser, J.J., J. Watts, J, Schampel, and J. Farmer. 2006. Early Cambrian food webs on a trophic knife-edge? A hypothesis and preliminary data from a modern stromatolite-based ecosystem. Ecology Letters 9: 292–300. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00873.x.

Birgel, Daniel, Volker Thiel, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Marcus Elvert, Kathleen A. Campbell, Joachim Reitner, Jack D. Farmer, Jorn Peckmann. 2006. Lipid biomarker patterns of methane-seep microbialites from the Mesozoic convergent margin of California. Organic Geochemistry 37: 1289-1302. DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2006.02.004.

Farmer, J.D. 2006. Invited Book Review of Iain Gilmour and Mark A. Sephton (Eds). 2003. An Introduction to Astrobiology. Cambridge University Press, 364pp. In: Palaeontological Society Newsletter 62: 136-138.

Arvidson, R.E., S.W. Squyres, R.C. Anderson, J.F. Bell III, D. Blaney, J. Bruckner, N.A. Cabrol, W.M. Calvin, M.H. Carr, P.R, Christensen, B.C. Clark, L. Crumpler, D.J. Des Marais, P.A. DeSouza Jr., C. d’Uston, T. Economou, J. Farmer (and 46 others). 2006. Overview of the Spirit Mars Exploration Rover Mission to Gusev Crater: Landing Site to Backstay in the Columbia Hills. Journ. Geophys. Res. - Planets 111: E02S01, doi:10.1029/2005JE002499.

Souza, Valeria, Laura Espinosa-Asuar, Ana E. Escalante, Luis E. Eguiarte, Jack Farmer, Larry Forney, Lourdes Lloret, Juan M. Rodríguez-Martínez, Xavier Soberón, Rodolfo Dirzo, and James J. Elser. 2006. An endangered oasis of aquatic microbial biodiversity in the Chihuahuan desert. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 10.1073/pnas.0601434103.

Herkenhoff, Ken E., Steve W. Squyres, Robert Anderson, Brent A. Archinal, Raymond E. Arvidson, Janet M. Barrett, Kris J. Becker, James F. Bell III, Charles Budney, Nathalie A. Cabrol, Mary G. Chapman, Debbie Cook, Bethany L. Ehlmann, Jack Farmer and 28 others. 2006. Overview of the Microscopic Imager Investigation during Spirit’s first 450 sols in Gusev crater. Journ. Geophys. Res.- Planets 111: E02S04, doi:10.1029/2005JE002574.

Cabrol, N. A., J. D. Farmer, E. A. Grin, L. Richter, L. Soderblom, R. Li, K. E. Herkenhoff, G. A. Landis, the MER Athena Science Team, and Spirit. 2006. Conditions for aqueous processes at Gusev crater along the Spirit traverse: Assessment of fluid circulation and storage potential using the microscope imager. Journ. Geophys. Res.- Planets 111: E02S20, doi:10.1029/2005JE002490.

McSween, H.Y., M.B. Wyatt, R. Gellert, J.F. Bell III, R.V. Morris, K.E. Herkenhoff, L.S. Crumpler,l K.A. Milam, KI.R. Stockstill, L.L. Tornabene, R.E. Arvidson, P. Bartlett, D. Blaney, N.A. Cabrol, P.R. Christensen, B.C. Clark, J.A. Crisp, D.J. Des Marais, T. Economou, J.D. Farmer and 22 others. 2006. Characterization and petrologic interpretation of olivine-rich basalts at Gusev Crater, Mars. Journ. Geophys. Res. - Planets 111: E02S10, doi:10.1029/2005JE002477.

Stockstill, K.R., J. Moersch, S. W. Ruff, A. Baldridge and J. Farmer.. 2005. TES Hyperspectral analyses of proposed paleolake basins on Mars: No evidence for in-place carbonates. Jour. Geophys. Res. - Planets E10 (Issue 110): Article Number E10004.

Beaty, D.W., Clifford, S.M., Borg, L.E., Catling, D., Craddock, R.A., Des Marais, D.J., Farmer, J.D., Frey, H.V., Haberle, R.M., McKay, C.P., Newsom, H.E., Parker, T.J., Segura, T., and Tanaka, K.L., 2005, Key Science Questions from the Second Conference on Early Mars:  Geologic, Hydrologic, and Climatic Evolution and the Implications for Life.  Astrobiology, Vol. 5(6): 663-689.

Crumpler, L. S., S. W. Squyres, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell, III, D. Blaney, N. A. Cabrol, P. R. Christensen, D. J. Des Marais, J. D. Farmer and 26 others. 2005. MER Geologic Traverse Science by the Spirit Rover in the Plains of Gusev Crater, Mars. Geology 33: 809-812. DOI: 10.1130/G21673.1.

Knoll, A., M. Carr, B. Clark, D. Des Marais, J. Farmer, W. Fischer, J. Grotzinger, A. Hayes, S. McLennan, Michael Malin, C. Schröder, S. Squyres, and T. Wdowiak. 2005. An Astrobiological Perspective on Meridiani Planum. Earth and Planetary Science Newsletters 240(1): 179-189. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.09.045.

McLennan, S.M., J. F. Bell III, W. M. Calvin, B. C. Clark, W. H. Farrand, .J. Farmer, D. Fike, J. P. Grotzinger, B. Hahn, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz, S. S. Johnson, B. Jolliff, A. H. Knoll, Z. Learner, H. Y. McSween Jr., S. W. Ruff, S. W. Squyres, N. J. Tosca, W. Watters, and A. Yen. 2005. Provenance and diagenesis of sedimentary rocks in the vicinity of the Opportunity Landing Site, Meridiani Planum, Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Newsletters 240(1): 95-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.09.041.

Haskins, L.A., A. Wang, H.Y. McSween, B.C. Clark, D.J. Des Marais, S.M. McClennan, N.J. Tosca, J.A. Horowitz, B.J. Joliff, J.D. Farmer and 21 others. 2005. Water alteration of rocks and soils from the Spirit Rover site, Gusev Crater, Mars. Nature 436: 66-69. DOI: 10.1038/nature03640.

Elser, J.J., J.H. Schampel, F. Garcia-Pichel, B.D. Wade, V. Souza, L. Eguiarte, A. Escalante and J.D. Farmer. 2005. Effects of phosphorous enrichment and grazing snails on modern stromatolitic microbial communities. Freshwater Biology 50(11): 1805-1825. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2005.01451.x.

Carson, E., T, Dowling, L.E. Eguiarte, J. Elser, A. Escalante, J. Farmer, F. Garcia-Pichel, P. Roopmarine, V. Souza, Carol Tang and B. Wade. 2005. Cuatro Cienegas: A living lab for the study of present and past biospheres. pp. 88-95. In Giovanni Badino, Tullio Bernabei, Antonio De Vivo, Italo Giulivo, Giuseppe Savino (Eds). Under the Desert: The Mysterious Waters of Cuatro Cienegas. Published by La Venta – Esplorazioni Geografiche, Instituto Coahuilense de Ecologia and Edizioni, Tintoretto (TV) Italy, 280 pages.

H. Y. McSween, R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, D. Blaney, N. A. Cabrol, P. R. Christensen, B. C. Clark, J. A. Crisp, L. S. Crumpler, D. J. Des Marais, J. D. Farmer, R. Gellert, A. Ghosh, S. Gorevan, T. Graff, J. Grant, L. A. Haskin, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. R. Johnson, B. L. Jolliff, G. Klingelhoefer, A. T. Knudson, S. McLennan, K. A. Milam, J. E. Moersch, R. V. Morris, R. Rieder, S. W. Ruff, P. A. de Souza Jr., S. W. Squyres, H. Wanke, A. Wang, M. B. Wyatt, A. Yen, and J. Zipfel (2004).Basaltic Rocks Analyzed by the Spirit Rover in Gusev Crater. Science 305: 842-845 doi:10.1126/science.1099851.

Baldridge, A. J.D. Farmer and J. Moersch. 2004. Ground truth studies of airborne infrared spectral data for the Badwater basin playa, Death Valley. Journal Geophysical Research-Planets, Volume E12: Article number E12006.

Squyres, S.W., R.E. Arvidson, J.F. Bell III, J. Bruckner, N.A. Cabrol, W. Calvin, M.H. Can, P.R. Christensen, B.C. Clark, L. Crumpler, D.J. Des Marais, C. d’Huston, T. Economou, J. Farmer (and 35 others). 2004. The Opportunity Rover’s Athena Science Investigation at Meridiani Planum, Mars. Science 306: 1698-1703.

Squyres, S., R.E. Arvidson, J.F. Bell III, J. Bruckner, N.A. Cabrol, W. Calvin, M.H. Carr, P.R. Christensen, B.C. Clark, L. Crumpler, D.J. Des Marais, C. d’Uston, T. Economou, J. Farmer (and 36 others). 2004. The Spirit Rover’s Athena Science Investigation at Gusev Crater, Science 305: 794-799. doi: 10.1126/science.1100194

Bell III, J.F., S.W. Squyres, R.E. Arvidson, H.M. Arneson, D. Bass, D. Blaney, N. Cabrol, W. Calvin, J. Farmer, W.H. Farrand, W. Goetz, M. Golombek, J.A. Grant, R. Greeley, E. Guinness, A.G. Hayes, M.Y.H. Hubbard, K.E. Herkenhoff, M.J. Johnson, J.R. Johnson, J. Joseph, K.M. Kinch, M.T. Lemmon, R. Li, M.B. Madsen, J.N. Maki, M. Malin, E. McCartney, S.McLennan, H.Y. McSween Jr., D.W. Ming, J.E. Moersch, R.V. Morris, E.Z. Noe Dobrea, T.J. Parker, J. Proton, J.W. Rice Jr., F. Seelos, J. Soderblom, L.A. Soderblom, J.N. Sohl-Dickstein, R.J. Sullivan, M.J. Wolff, and A. Wang. 2004, Pancam multispectral imaging results from the Spirit Rover at Gusev Crater, Science, 305, 800-806.

Grant, J.A. R. Arvidson, J.F. Bell III, N.A. Cabrol, M.H. Carr, P. Christensen, L. Crumpler, D.J. Des Marais, B.L.Ehlmann, J. Farmer, M. Golumbek, F.D. Grant, R. Greeley, K. Herkenhoff, R. Lii, H.Y McSween, D.W. Ming, J. Moersch, J.W. Rice, JR., S. Ruff, L. Richter, S. Squyres, R. Sulilivan , C. Weitz. 2004. Surficial Deposits at Gusev Crater Along Spirit Rover Traverses. Science 305, 807-810.

Greeley, R., S.W. Squyres, R.E. Arvidson, P. Bartlett, J.F. Bell III, D. Blaney, N.A. Cabrol, J. Farmer, B. Farrand, M.P. Golombek, S.P. Gorevan, J.A. Grant, A.F.C. Haldemann, K.E. Herkenhoff, J. Johnson, G. Landis, M.B. Madsen, S.M. McLennan, J. Moersch, J.W. Rice Jr., L. Richter, S. Ruff, R.J. Sullivan, S.D. Thompson, A. Wang, C.M. Weitz, P. Whelley, and the Athena Science Team. 2004, Wind-related processes detected by the Spirit Rover at Guzev Crater, Mars, Science, 305, 810-821.

Garcia-Pichel, F., F. Al Horani, R. Ludwig, J. Farmer and B. Wade. 2004. Balance between calcification and bioerosion in modem stromatolites. Geobiology 2(1): 49-57.

Jahnke, L., T. Embaye, J. Hoe, K.A. Turk, M. van Zuillen, D.J. Des Marais and J.D. Farmer. 2004. Lipid biomarker and carbon isotope analyses of stromatolite forming microbial mat communities and Phormidium cultures from Yellowstone National Park. Geobiology 2(1): 3 1-47.

Des Marais, D.J. , Allamandola, L.J., Benner, S.A., Boss, A.P., Deamer, D., Falkowski, P.G., Farmer, J.D., Blair Hedges., S., Jakosky, B.M., Knoll, A.H., Liskowsky, D.R., Meadows, V.S., Meyer, M.A., Pilcher, C.B., Nealson, K.H., Spormann, A.M., Trent, J.D., Turner, W.W., Woolf, N.J. & Yorke, H.W. (2003). The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap. Astrobiology, 3: 219-236.

Cabrol, N.A., Grin, E.A., Carr, M.H., Sutter, B., Moore, J.M., Farmer, J.D., Greeley, R., Kuzmin, R.O., Des Marais, D.J., Kramer, M.G., Newsom, H., Barber, C., Thorsos, I., Tanaka, K.L., Barlow, N.G., Fike, D.A., Urquhart, M.L., Grigsby, B., Grant, F.D. & de Goursac, O. (2003). Exploring Gusev Crater with Spirit: Review of science objectives and testable hypotheses. Journal of Geophysical Research - Planets: Special Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Mission Issue, 108( E12): 17-1 to 17-21 8076, doi: 10. 1029/2002JE002026..

Herkenhoff, K and the Athena Science Team, 2003. Athena microscopic imager investigation. J. Geophys. Res. 108 (E12), 8065, doi: 10.1029/2003JE002065.

Squyres, S. W. and the Athena Science Team, 2003. Athena Mars rover science investigation. J. Geophys. Res. 108 (E12), 8065, doi: 10.1029/2003JE002121.

Greeley, R., R. 0. Kuzmin, D. Nelson and J.D. Farmer. 2003. Eos Chasma, Mars: A potential landing site for Astrobiology, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 108(E12): Article number 8083.

Farmer, J.D. . Exploring for a Fossil Record of Extraterrestrial Life. Paleobiology II. Blackwell Science: pp. 8-13. 2003 ISBN: 0632051477

Cady, S.L., Farmer, J.D., Grotzinger, J.P., Schopf, J.W. & A. Steele, 2003. Morphological Biosignatures and the Search for Life on Mars. Astrobiology, 3(2): 351-368.

Garcia-Pichel, F., Wade, B. and Farmer, J. 2002. Jet-suspended, calcite ballasted cyanobacterial waterwarts in a desert spring. J. Phycol, 38, 420-428.

Campbell, K.A., Farmer, J.D., Des Marais D.J. 2002. Ancient hydrocarbon seeps from the Mesozoic convergent margin of California: carbonate geochemistry, fluids and palaeoenvironments. Geofluids (2002). 63-91.

Farmer, J.D. 2002. Astrobiology. MacMillan Encyclopedia of Science. MacMillan Publishing. Pages 5-13.

Farmer, J.D. 2000. Hydrothermal systems: Doorways to early biosphere evolution. GSA Today, v. 10, no. 7, 1-9.

Fouke BW, Farmer JD, Des Marais D.J. 2000. Depositional facies and aqueous-solid geochemistry of travertine-depositing hot springs (Angel Terrace, Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park, USA) J Sedimentary Research 70(3): 565-585.

Clifford SM, Crisp D, Fisher DA, Farmer, J. et al. 2000. The state and future of Mars polar science and exploration Icarus 144(2): 210-242.

Hoffman, B.A., and Farmer, J.D. 2000. Filamentous fabrics in low-temperature mineral assemblages: are they fossil biomarkers? Implications for the search for a subsurface fossil record on the early Earth and Mars. In Planetary Space and Science, 48: 1077-1086.

Kuzmin, R. O., R. Greeley, R. Landheim, N. A. Cabrol, and J. D. Farmer 2000. Geologic mapping of the Ma’adim Vallis-Gusev crater region of Mars. US. Geol. Surv.Misc. Inv. Series, MTM 2256-2257, 1: 500K scale.

Farmer, J. D. 1999. Taphonomic modes in microbial fossilization, pp. 94-102, In: Space Studies Board, National Research Council. Size Limits of Very Small Microorganisms: Proceedings of a Workshop Washington DC: National Academy Press. ISBN:0309066344

Farmer, J. and D.J. DesMarais. 1999. Exploring for a record of ancient martian life. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 104: (E11) 26,977-26,995.

Wade ML, Agresti DG, Wdowiak TJ, Armendarez LP, Farmer JD. 1999. A Mossbauer investigation of iron-rich terrestrial hydrothermal vent systems: Lessons for Mars exploration Journal Of Geophysical Research-Planets 104 (E4): 8489-8507.

Farmer, J., 1999. Implementing a strategy to explore for martian life, pp.58-65, In J.A. Hiscox  (ed.) The search for life on Mars. British Interplanetary Society, London,  England.

Walter  MR, McLoughlin S, Drinnan AN, Farmer, J. 1998. Palaeontology of Devonian thermal  spring deposits, Drummond Basin, Australia Alcheringa  22 (3-4): 285-314.

Farmer, J. 1998. Thermophiles, early biosphere evolution, and the origin of life on Earth: Implications for the exobiological exploration of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets 1998, Vol 103 (E12): 28457-28461

Clifford S. ; Treiman, A. ; Newsom H. ; Farmer J. 1998. Introduction to special section: Early Mars. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 103 (E13): 31,405

Farmer, J.D. 1997. Optimization of a 2005 sample return for Mars Exopaleontology. In Gulick, V.C. (Ed.) Mars 2005 Sample Return Workshop, Lunar Planetary Institute Technical Report 97-01: 20-25. (click here for copy on local server)

Murbach, M.S., D.L. Keese, and J.D. Farmer. 1997. “AEOLIS”: System concept for precise delivery of Mars scientific instrumentaion. Eleventh AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites, SSC97-V-2: 1-15.

Pendleton, Y. and J. D. Farmer. 1997. Life: A Cosmic Imperative? Sky and Telescope 94(1): 42-47.

Mars Expeditions Strategy planning Group (1996) The Search for Evidence of Life on Mars: A Report.
(Click here for copy on local server)

Cady, S.L. and J.D. Farmer. 1996. Fossilization processes in siliceous thermal springs: Trends in preservation along thermal gradients. pp. 150-173. In Gregory Bock and Jamie Goode (ed) Evolution of Hydrothermal Ecosystems on Earth (and Mars?). Wiley and Sons. 334 p. 

Farmer, J.D. 1996. Hydrothermal Processes on Mars: An Assessment of Present Evidence. pp. 273-299. In Gregory Bock and Jamie Goode (ed) Evolution of Hydrothermal Ecosystems on Earth (and Mars?). John Wiley and Sons. 334 p.

Stoker, C., D. Barch, J. Farmer, M. Flagg, T. Healy, T. Tengdin, H. Thomas, K. Schwer and D. Stakes. 1996 Exploration of Mono Lake with an ROV: A Prototype Experiment for the MAPS AUV Program. Proceedings of the IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society Symposium on Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Technology (AUV 96) June 3-6 1996, Monterey CA.

Walter, M.R., D.J. Des Marais, J.D. Farmer, and N.W. Hinman. 1996. Lithofacies and Biofacies of mid-Paleozoic thermal spring deposits in the Drummond Basin, Queensland, Australia. Palaios 11(6): 497-518.

Des Marais, D.J. and J.D. Farmer. 1995. The search for extinct life. pp. 21-26. In NASA. An Exobiological Strategy for Mars Exploration. NASA Special Publication 530, 56 p. (

Farmer, J.D. 1995. Trace Fossils from the Wood Bay Group. pp. 17-19. In D.L. Lamar and D.N. Douglas, Geology of an area astride the Billefjorden Fault Zone, Northern Dicksonland, Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Norsk Polar Institute, Skrifter NR 197: 43

Farmer, J. D. 1995. Mars Exopaleontology. Palaios 10 (3): 197-198.

Farmer, J., Des Marais, D., Greeley, R., Landheim, R. and Klein, H. 1995. Site selection for Mars Exobiology. Advances in Space Research 15(3): (3)157-(3)162.

Farmer, J.D. Did Mars Once Harbor Life? 1995. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 76 (44): 442. [Reprinted In C.L. Van Dover (Ed.) The Biology of Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents. Chapman and Hall Publishers. 350 p.].

Farmer, Jack D. 1995. Site Selection. pp. 42-50. In NASA. An Exobiological Strategy for Mars Exploration. NASA Special Publication 530, 56 pp. DOI:19960000318

Klein, H. P. and J.D. Farmer. 1995. Status of the Search for Life on Mars. pp. 65-71. In Shostek, G. Seth (Ed.) Progress in the Search for Extraterrestrial Life. Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Conference Series Volume 74, 592 p.

Farmer, J.D., D.J. Des Marais, and R. Greeley. 1995, Exopaleontology at the Pathfinder landing site, Lunar Planet. Sci., 26, 393-394.

1994, Exobiology site priorities for Mars Pathfinder, Mars Pathfinder Landing Site Workshop, LPI Tech.Rept. 94-04, 26-27, Farmer, J.D. and D.J. Des Marais.

Farmer, J.D. 1994. Fossil-hunting on Mars. Mercury 23(5): 14-15 

Farmer, J., and D. Des Marais. 1994. Exopaleontology and the search for a fossil record on Mars. Lunar Planetary Science 25: 367-368 

Farmer, J.D., and Landheim, R. 1994. Exobiology landing site descriptions (Sites 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 22, 79, 137, 138, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148) In Greeley, R. and P. Thomas (Ed.) Mars Landing Site Catalog. (Second Edition) NASA Reference Publication 1238 p. 392 DOI:19900018291 (

Farmer, J. D. and D. J. Des Marais. 1994. Biological versus inorganic processes in stromatolite morphogenesis: Observations from mineralizing systems". pp. 61-68. In L.J. Stal and P. Caumette (eds.). Microbial Mats: Structure, Development and Environmental Significance. NATO ASI Series in Ecological Sciences, Springer Verlag. 

Mamet, B., Farmer, J.D., and Fisher, R. and Reed, W.E. 1993. Foraminiferal biostratigraphy of the Ebbadalen Formation (Carboniferous) at Odellfjellet, Central Spitsbergen. Comptes Rendus XII ICC-P V. 2:279-290. 

Farmer, J.D., M.C. Farmer, and R. Berger. 1993. Radiocarbon ages of lacustrine deposits in volcanic sequences of the Lomas Coloradas area, Socorro Island, Mexico. Radiocarbon, 35(2): 253-262. 

Farmer, J.D., Vidal, G., Strauss, H., Moczydlowska, M., Siedlecka, A., and Ahlberg, P. 1992. Ediacaran fossils from the Innerelv Member (late Proterozoic), Tanafjorden area of Northeast Finnmark. Geological Magazine, 129(2): 181-195. 

Bauld, J., E. D`Amelio, and J.D. Farmer. Modern microbial mats. pp. 261-270. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Farmer, J.D. Grazing and bioturbation in modern microbial mats. pp. 295-298. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Des Marais, D., R. Castenholz, Y. Cohen, E. D`Amelio, J. Farmer, B. Jorgensen, and A. Palmisano. Case study of a modern microbial mat-building community: The submerged cyanobacterial mats of Guerrero Negro, Baja Sur, Mexico. pp. 325-334. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Farmer, J.D. Origins of multicellular individuality. pp. 429-432. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Bengtson, S., J.D. Farmer. The evolution of metazoan body plans. pp. 443-446. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Lipps, J., S. Bengtson and J.D. Farmer. The Precambrian-Cambrian evolutionary transition. pp. 453-458. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Farmer, J.D. Methods of light microscopy. pp. 823-824. in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Farmer, J.D. Meiofauna: Strategies for field studies. pp. 839-840 in J.W. Schopf and C. Klein (Eds.). 1992. The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1348 p.

Farmer, J.D. and Fritz-Miller, M. 1981. A deep water trace fossil assemblage from the German Rancho Formation at Stump Beach, CA. In V. Frizzell (ed.). Modern and Ancient Biogenic Structures, Bodega Bay, CA. Pacific Section SEPM Field Trip Guidebook, 3: 3-13. 

Ronan, T.E., M.L. Miller, and J.D. Farmer. 1981. Relationships on a modern tidal flat, Bodega Harbor, CA. In V. Frizzell (Ed.) Modern and Ancient Biogenic Structures, Bodega Bay, CA. Pacific Section SEPM Field Trip Guidebook 3: 15-31..

Farmer, J.D. 1979. Morphology and function of zooecial spines in some species of Cyclostomata (Bryozoa): Implications for paleobiology. pp. 219-246. In G. Larwood and M. Abbott (Eds.) Advances in Bryozoology, Academic Press, London. 639 p.

Farmer, J.D. 1978. An adaptive model for the evolution of the ectoproct life-cycle. pp. 487-517. In R.M. Woollacott and R.L. Zimmer (eds.). Biology of Bryozoans. Academic Press, New York. 

Lipps, J.H., T.E. Delaca, J.D. Farmer, W. Showers, T.E. Ronan, Jr., J. Clough, J. Raymond, J. Bradford, and A. DeVries. 1978. Benthic marine biology, Ross Ice Shelf Project. Antarctic Journal 13(4): 139-141.

Farmer, J.D., Valentine, J.W., and Cowen, R. 1973. Adaptive strategies leading to the ectoproct ground-plan. Systematic Zoology 22(3): 233-239. 

Farmer, J.D. and Rowell, A.J. 1973. Variation in the bryozoan Fistulipora decora (Moore and Dudley) from the Beil Limestone of Kansas. pp. 377-394. In R.S. Boardman, et al. (eds) Animal Colonies: Growth and Development Through Time. Dowden, Hutchison and Ross.



National Research Council Committee on the Review of Planetary Protection. 2009. Assessment of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample Return Missions. National Academies Press ISBN: 978-0-309-13073-8, 90 pages.

National Research Council. 2007. Committee on the Review of the NASA Astrobiology Institute. Assessment of the NASA Astrobiology Institute. National Academies Press: ISBN-10: 0-309-11497-7; ISBN-13: 978-0-309-11497-4; (see:

National Research Council. Space Studies Board. 2007. Grading NASA's Solar System Exploration Program: A Midterm Review. National Academies Press: ISBN-10: 0-309-11492-6; ISBN-13: 978-0-309-11492-9 (see:

Report of the NASA Biomarker Task Force (In revision; 2006). NASA Special Publication (John Kerridge;

Report of the Astrobiology Science Steering Group, 2003. NASA's Mars Exploration Payload Advisory Group (MEPAG) (Jack Farmer, Chair).

Report of the Science Pathways for the Second Decade Steering Group, 2003. Mars Exploration Payload Advisory Group (MEPAG) (Ray Arvidson, Chair).

Report of the Mars Sample Return Science Steering Group, 2003. Mars Exploration Payload Advisory Group (MEPAG) (Glenn MacPherson, Chair).

Westall, F., C. Allen, M. Brasier, J. Farmer, W. Massell, A. Steele, R. Fortson and C. Agee. 1999. Team II: Instrumentation – Analytical Capabilities, p. 15-24, In  Budden, N.A. (Editor), Mars Field Geology, Biology and Paleontology Workshop: Summary and Recommendations. LPI Contribution 968, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston. 80 pp.

NASA, 1997. Report of the Solar System Exploration Roadmap Development Team (C. Elachi, Chair) Mission to the Solar System: Exploration and Discovery. Unpublished report. (

NASA, 1996. Mars Expeditions Strategy Group (D. McCleese, Chair) “The Search for Evidence of Life on Mars”. Unpublished report. (

NASA, 1995. An Exobiological Strategy for Mars Exploration. NASA Special Publication 530, 56 p. (

Stoker, C., G. Briggs, J.D. Farmer, J. Moore, A. Zent, and R. Greeley. 1996. Imaging Support of Surface Rover Operations: Recommendations to the Mars Surveyor Program. Unpublished report prepared for Mars Program Office, JPL.

Farmer, J.D., C. Stoker, G. Gulick, N. Cabrol, and J. Moore. 1995. Marsokhod rover tests, Hawaii. Science Analysis, Mars Test (Team 1). Unpublished report.



A practical lithologic classification for Monterey well cuttings.

Predicting matrix porosity from textural and compositional data of Monterey well cuttings.

Well-log detection of the cristobalite-quartz transition in the Monterey Formation at Hondo Field.

Predicting reservoir quality from textural and compositional data: Multivariate statistical analysis of the Lisburne Formation, North Slope, Alaska.

Compositional trends for pre-Miocene sandstones of the Santa Barbara Basin: Evidence for Paleogene unroofing of a Mesozoic continental arc.

Clays in pre-Miocene reservoir sandstones of the Santa Ynez Unit (Santa Barbara Basin), with recommendations for planning well completions.

Factor analysis of sandstone textural and compositional data at Hondo Field with implications for predicting reservoir quality.

Lithofacies analysis of a Cretaceous submarine fan complex at Starfish Field (Santa Barbara Basin), with evidence for regional clockwise rotation.

Diagenesis and reservoir quality of Cretaceous and Eocene sandstones at Starfish Field, Santa Barbara Basin.



Shkolyar, Svetlana and Jack Farmer. 2012. Steps towards choosing Martian samples for fossil biosignature analysis of kerogen: Fluorescence microscopy and Raman spectroscopy applications to various analog samples. Abstract #1465594, presented at the 2012 Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec.

Núñez J. I., Farmer J. D. and Sellar R. G. 2012. The Multispectral Microscopic Imager:
A Compact Contact Instrument for the In Situ Petrologic Exploration of Planetary Surfaces. International Workshop on Instrumentation for Planetary Missions October 10-12, 2012 Greenbelt, Maryland.

Ruff, S.W., R.E. Milliken, J.D. Farmer, V.W. Mills, and K. Robertson. 2012. Investigating the origin of silica occurrences on Mars through laboratory observations. Abstract #1502238, presented at the 2012 Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec. 2012.

Yen A. S., Bish D. L., Blake D. F., Vaniman D. T.,Treiman A. H., Ming, D. W. Morris R. V., Farmer J. D., Downs R. T., Chipera S. J., Des Marais D. J., Chen C. W. 2012. Definitive Mineralogy from the Mars Science Laboratory CheMin Instrument. Abstract #2741. 43rd Lunar Planetary Science Conference, March 19-23, 2012, Woodlands Texas.

Núñez J. I., Farmer J. D. and Sellar R. G. 2012. Exploration at the Hand Lens Scale: Results from the 2010 ILSO-ISRU Field Test Using the Multispectral Microscopic Imager. Abstract #2290, 43rd Lunar Planetary Science Conference, March 19-23, 2012, Woodlands Texas.





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Copyright © Dr. Jack Farmer, Arizona State University
email Dr. Farmer: jfarmer at asu dot edu